The Difference of Positive or Negative Views on Patients of Soul Disorders Between Students of Faculty of Medicine Hang Tuah University Surabaya Semester 5 with Semester 7

Fifin Yulia Candra Pangestika, Sadya Wendra, Edward Imanuel Simon

Abstract


Background: Most people in Indonesia still negatively regard mental patients as someone who is dangerous and the disease cannot be cured. This happens because people do not understand well the causes and methods of care for patients with mental disorders. Negative views that exist in the community cause mental patients to get less appropriate and humane treatment in the community even in their own families, such as being installed, ignored, insulted, and alienating family members who experience mental disorders.

Objectif: This study aims to determine the differences in positive or negative views of mental patients between students of the Faculty of Medicine, Hang Tuah Surabaya, 5th semester with 7th semester.

Methods: The population in this study were students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Hang Tuah Surabaya in semester 5 with semester 7. with a large sample taken as many as 136 people. The independent variables in this study were positive or negative views about mental patients while the dependent variables in this study were students of semester 5 and semester 7 students. Analysis of the data of this study using Chi Square statistical tests.

Results: Obtained results of respondents from semester 5 with a positive outlook that is 38 people (55.9%) and negative views namely 30 people (44.1%), then the results of respondents from 7th semester with a positive outlook that is 53 people (77.9%) and negative view of 15 people (22.1%). Where the total number of all respondents who answered a positive view was 91 people (66.9%) and all respondents who answered negative views were 45 people (33.1%). And based on gender, male respondents who looked positively about mental patients were 51 people (66.2%) and those who viewed negativity were 26 people (33.8%). Whereas female respondents who viewed positively regarding mental patients were 40 people (67.8%) and those who viewed negatively were 19 people (32.2%).

Conclusions: The results showed a significant difference regarding the differences in positive or negative views of mental patients between semester 5 students and 7th semester students, as evidenced by the acquisition of the Sig. = 0.006 (<0.05).

Keywords: Differences in Positive or Negative Views, Mental Disorders


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman. 1993. Metode pembelajaran tindakan kelas. Grafindo:Jakarta

Achmad Rifa’I dan Chatarina Tri Anni.2009, Psikologi pendidikan.Semarang Unnes Press.

Azwar S. 2007. Sikap manusia, teori dan pengukurannya. Edisi ke-2. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Browne, D. T. 2010. Attitudes of Mental Health Professionals toward Mentall Illness: Comparisons and Predictors. Northampton: Smith College School for Social Work.

Bimo Walgito. (1994). Psikologi Sosial Suatu Pengantar. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Psikologi UGM.

Collins RL, Wong EC, Cerully JL, Schultz D, Eberhart NK. 2012. Interventions to reduce mental health stigma and discrimination: a literature review to guide evaluation of california’s mental health prevention and early intervention initiative. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation.

Corrigan PW, Rafacz J, Hautamaki J, Walton J, Rusch N, Rao D, et al. 2010. Changing stigmatizing perceptions and recollections about mental illness: the effects of nami's in our own voice. Community Mental Health Journal; 46(5).

Depkes. RI. 2000. Pedoman Penggolongan dan Diagnosis Gangguan Jiwa III (PPDGJ-III). Direktorat Kesehatan Jiwa Depkes RI.

Depkes RI. (2007). Profil Kesehatan 2007. Departemen Kesehtan RI.

Dwi Siswoyo. (2007). Ilmu Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: UNY Pers.

Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (2002). Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Edisi ke-3. Balai Pustaka, Jakarta. Gramedia.

Lestari, P, dkk. 2014. “Kecenderungan atau Sikap Keluarga Penderita Gangguan Jiwa terhadap Tindakan Pasung (studi kasus di RSJ Amino Gondho Hutomo Semarang)”. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa. Volume 2, No. 1;14-23. diakses pada tanggal 15 April 2018.

Lubis, N., Krisnani, H., Fedryansyah, M. 2014. Pemahaman Masyarakat Mengenai Gangguan Jiwa Dan Keterbelakangan Mental. Jurnal Penelitian. P. 137-144.

Mar’at. (1981). Sikap Manusia, Perubahan serta Pengukurannya. Jakarta : Ghalia

Maramis. 2009. Catatan Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa. Edisi 2. Surabaya: Airlangga.

Notoatmodjo S. 2003. Pendidikan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Notoatmodjo, S. 2005. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Notoatmodjo S. 2007. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Notoatmodjo, 2010. Metodologi penelitian kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Notoatmodjo, Soekidjo. 2012. Promosi kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka cipta.

Nursalam (2003). Konsep dan Penerapan Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan Pedoman Skripsi, Tesis dan Instrumen Penelitian Keperawatan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika

Saragih, FS. 2010. Pengaruh Penyuluhan Terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap ibu tentang Makanan Sehat dan Gizi Seimbang di Desa Merek Jaya Kecamatan Raya Kabupaten Simalungun. Skripsi. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat. Universitas Sumatra Utara: Medan

Song LY, Chang LY, Yi C, Shih, Yuan C, Jeng M, et al. 2005. Community attitudes towards the mentally ill: the Results of a national survey of the Taiwanese population. International Journal or Social Psychiatry;51(2).

Sunaryo, (2004). Psikologi Untuk Keperawatan. Jakarta: EGC

Torrey, F.E., & Betesda, M.D. (2011). The assosiation of stigma with violance. American Psyciatric Assosiation. 168 : 325.

Ukpong D. E. & I. N. George., 2013, Length of Study-Time Behaviour and Academic Achievement of Social Studies Education Students in the University of Uyo, International Education Studies, 6(3), hal. 172-178. http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/ diakses 15 April 2018.

Van der Kluit M.J. & Goossens P.J. (2011). Factors influencing attitudes of nurses in general health care toward patients with comorbid mental illness: an integrative literature review. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 32, 519–527. Diakses 15 April 2018 dari https://www.researchgate.net/publication/51500380_Factors_Influenci ng_Attitudes_of_Nurses_in_General_Health_Care_Toward_Patients_ with_Comorbid_Mental_Illness_An_Integrative_Literature_Review/

Yosep, I. (2011). Keperawatan Jiwa. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30649/obj.v2i1.21

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Oceana Biomedicina Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Online ISSN: 2614-0519

 

Template of the Manuscript: click the icon below, click menu bar FILE, choose and click Download, click Microsoft Word (.docx)

Image result for google document

Translation: 

https://www.onlinedoctranslator.com

Duplication checking by: https://www.duplichecker.com

Plagiarism detection by: https://plagiarismdetector.net

 

Zotero

 

DOI Prefix:  10.30649

Published by: Universitas Hang Tuah, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.